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The Gods and Goddesses

Page history last edited by PBworks 17 years, 11 months ago

The Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Rome




Roman Gods and Goddesses


-Zeus (Jupiter): Zeus, also known as Jupiter was the king of all Gods

-Hera (Juno): Hera, known as Juno, was Zeus wife and sister. Hera was queen of all Gods

-Neptune: Neptune was the God of the Sea

-Pluto: Pluto was the God of Death, and the Underworld

-Apollo: Apollo was the God of the Sun

-Diana: Diana was the Lady of Wild Things

-Mars: Mars was the God of War

-Venus: Venus was the Goddess of Love

-Cupid: Cupid was the God of Love

-Mercury: Mercury was the messenger of the Gods

-Minerva: Minerva was the Goddess of Wisdom

-Ceres: Ceres was the Earth Goddess

-Persephone(Proserpine): Persephone was the Goddess of the Underworld

-Vulcan: Vulcan was the Smith God

-Bacchus: Bacchus was the God of Wine

-Saturn: Saturn was the God of Time

-Hestia (Vesta): Vesta was the Goddess of the Home

-Janus: Janus was the God of Doors

-Uranus: Uranus was the father of Saturn

-Maia: Maia was the Goddess of Growth

Gods and Goddesses

Apollo was the God of the Sun and Music. Apollo had dominion over plague, light, healing, colonists, medicine, archery, poetry, prophecy, dance, reason, intellectualism, Shamans, and as the patron defender of herds and flocks. Bacchus was the God of Wine. Ceres was the Goddess of the Earth. She was the daughter of Saturn and Rhea. She was the sister of Juno, Vesta, Neptune and Pluto. Cupid is the God of Erotic Love. People say he's the son of Mercury and Diana. Diana is the Goddess of the Moon and Hunting. She was the daughter of Jupiter and Latona. She was the twin sister of Apollo. Fortuna is the Goddess of Luck. June 11th is sacred for her. Janus is the two-headed God of Gates and Doors. Juno is the Queen of the Gods. A peacock is her symbolic animal. She protects female's spirits. Jupiter is the King of Gods. Saturn is his father. He's the brother of Juno (his wife) and Neptune. Maia is the Goddess of growth. Also, called Ops. A Goddess the being equivalent to an old Greek Goddess of Spring. Mars is the God of War. Son of Juno and Jupiter. Mercury is the Messenger of the Gods. Circus Maximus was near his temple in Rome around 495 BC. Minerva is the Goddess of Wisdom. Minerva is the daughter of Jupiter and Metis. Neptune is the God of the Sea. Jupiter is his brother. Pluto is the King of the Underworld. Pluto judged the dead. Proserpina is the Queen of the Underworld. She is the daughter of Ceres and Jupiter. People said she was a very enchanting girl. Saturn is the God of Agriculture. His wife is the Goddess Ops otherwise known as Maia. It was said he was the father of Cere, Juno, Jupiter and many others. Uranus is the God of the Heavens. He was the first son of Gaia and her husband. Venus is the Goddess of Love and Beauty. Venus is the daughter of Jupiter. Vesta is the Goddess of Hearth. Vesta was the most mysterious and popular of the Gods. Vulcan is the God of Smiting. He is the son of Jupiter and Juno. He is also the husband of Maia and Venus. Vulcan was the god of fire and volcanoes, and the manufacturer of art, arms, iron, and armor for Gods and heroes.



The Titans were often called the Elder Gods. They were of enormous size and of incredible strength. There were many of them. The most important Titan was Cronus, in Latin Saturn. He ruled over the other Titans, until his son, Zeus dethroned him and seized the power for himself. The Romans said that when Jupiter, their name for Zeus, ascended the throne, Saturn fled to Italy and brought in the Golden Age, a time of perfect peace and happiness. The other notable Titans were Ocean, the river that was supposed to encircle the earth, Tethys, Ocean's wife, Hyperion, the father of the sun, moon, and dawn, Mnemosyne, which means Memory, Themis, usually translated by Justice, and Iapetus, important because of his sons, Atlas, who bore the world on his shoulders, and Prometheus, who was the savior of mankind. These alone among the older gods were not banished with the coming of Zeus, otherwise known as Jupiter, but they took a lower place once Zeus took over the throne.



The Olympians consisted of twelve Gods, and Goddesses. They ruled the universe from the top of Greece's Mount Olympus. They got their power after their leader, Zeus overthrew his Father (as said in the Titans paragraph.) The Olympians are all related one another. Romans were the kind to adopt most of the Gods and Goddesses, but with new names.


Zeus (Jupiter or Jove)

Was the most powerful of all the Olympians, He was the God of the Sky, and the king of Olympus. He was also called king of the gods. Zeus had quite the temper. His temper affected the weather, and he threw thunderbolts when he was unhappy. He married Hera, but had other lovers, and made love with other lovers. He had lots of kids, but only a couple with his wife Hera. Hera is Zeus’s sister and his wife. Zeus symbols include the oak and the thunderbolt.


Hera (Juno)

Hera was the Goddess of Women and Marriage. She was called queen of the Gods. She took special care of married women. Hera is Zeus’s wife and had a child with him. Hera’s month is June. Hera has two brothers named Pluto and Neptune, and a sister named Vesta. Zeus is her brother and husband. Hera liked cows and peacocks, and her favorite city was Agros.


Hades (Pluto)

He is known as God of the Dead. He was also the God of Wealth. He had a helmet, that when somebody wore it they turned invisible. He lives in the underworld. He had a wife named Persephone who was the daughter of Demeter. Zeus ordered him to give her back to her mother but before she left he gave her a pomegranate so when she ate it, it banded her from the underworld.


Poseidon (Neptune)

He is the God of the Sea. He carried a trident, which had three prongs. He rode a dolphin or a horse. He was also the god of earthquakes. He was called the “ Earth-saker”.


Hestia (Vesta)

She was the Goddess of the Home and the Goddess of the Hearth. She kept to herself and didn’t get into any argument. Every city had a hearth that was sacred to her, which was a never ending flame; a fire not allowed to go out.


Pallas Athena (Minerva)

She was the daughter of Zeus alone, and she was his favorite child. She was the Goddess of the City. She favored the city Athens; she created the olive; and the owl was her bird.


Phoebus Apollo

He was the son of Zeus and Leto. His twin sister was Diana. Apollo was the God of both Light and Truth. Apollo was the Lord of the silver bow. His tree was the laurel; and his sacred animals were the dolphin and the crow.


Artemis (Diana)

She was the daughter of Zeus and Leto. Her twin brother was Apollo. She was the Lady of Wild Things. Diana had silver arrows; the cypress was special to her; and she liked all wild animals, although she favored the deer.


Aphrodite (Venus)

She was the daughter of Dione and Zeus. She was the Goddess of Love and Beauty. Her tree was the myrtle; and her bird was the dove, although sometimes it was replaced with either the sparrow or the swan.


Hermes (Mercury)

Hermes was the son of Zeus ad Maia. He was the God of Commerce and the Market. He wore winged sandals; a hat with wings on it; and he had a magic wand.


Ares (Mars)

He was the only son of both Hera and Zeus. He was the God of War. His bird was the vulture; and his animal was the dog.


Hephaestus (Vulcan)

Vulcan was the son of Hera. He was the God of Fire. He is said to have lived underneath volcanos, and he was the cause of their eruptions.

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