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Roman Buildings

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on May 9, 2006 at 10:40:39 pm
 

Measurements of Roman Structures

 

Coliseum

- Seats 50 000 people.

- 48 meters High.

- 188 meters long.

- 156 meters wide.

- Wooden arena floor is 86m x 54m.

- 80 entrances at ground level.

- The entire base of the Coliseum covers an area of 160 00 meters squared.

 

Pantheon

- The interior is a perfect circle. The Diameter and height are exactly the same, 48 meters.

- The Walls are 6.05m thick.

- The hemispherical dome has the skylight oculus of 8.9 meters in diameter.

- The facade was set facing north.

- The Porch was set on the site occupied by the original temple and the large rotunda coincided with the open area in front.

- Two red granite columns each ate set behind the first, third, sixth, and eighth column if the facade, this forming three aisles.

- The central aisle, which is the widest, leads to the entrance.

- The side aisles end in two large niches destined for the statues of Agrippa and Augustus.

- Behind the porch is a massive construction in brick, which joins it to the Rotonda, a gigantic cylinder with a wall that is six meters.

- The doors are 24 feet high (7m)

 

Temple of Venus and Roma

- 110 meters in length.

- 53 meters in width.

- It was placed on a stage measuring 145 m in length and 100 m in width.

- It consisted of two main chambers. They were placed symmetrically back-to-back. Each chamber had four columns at the entrance. All very imposing to see.

 

Roman Baths

- 225 meters long.

- 185 meters wide.

- 38.5 meters high.

- Close to aqueducts.

- Filled up to 10 000 square meters.

 

Circus Maximus

- The track was 600 meters in length.

- 225 meters in width.

- Held 150 000 spectators.

- Track held 12 chariots.

- Surrounding the track was the Euripus 10 feet wide and 10 feet deep.

- Protected people from animals.

 

The Basilica Julia

- Was of huge proportions.

- The basilica rested on a low podium that is seven steps high on the E side and just one on the W side, due to the slopping terrain.

- Outer dimensions 101 x 49 meters, the central nave of the basilica was 82 x 18 meters.

- With four lateral aisles, two on each side.

- Two stories high with vaulted ceiling and arches decorated be semi-columns.

-The central court is 82 meters long and 16 meters wide. The central court was surrounded on all sides by two aisle 7.50 meters wide.

 

The Baths Of Trajan

- 340 meters in width.

- 330 meters in depth.

- 280 x 210 meters.

- Covered 10 000 square meters.

 

Aqueducts

- 10 meters high.

- 300 meters long.

- 2 000 000 blocks used.

- 27 meters above ground level.

- Never more the 100 meters apart.

 

Information about some Roman Structures

 

The Coliseum

Thousands of tourists visit the coliseum everyday. The Coliseum is shaped like a modern football stadium and could seat 45 000 people. It's 161 feet high, about 600 feet long and 500 feet wide. Events such as fights between gladiators and between men and wild animals were held there. In earlier days, the oval-shaped, sand-covered floor of the arena could be flooded. Later, however, cages for people and animals were installed beneath the arena. A wall separated the arena from spectators whose seats rested on sloping concrete supports as in many stadiums today. Construction of the Coliseum started during the reign of Emperor Vespasian, who ruled from A.D. 69 to 79. Construction was completed in A.D. 80.

!!!The Pantheon

The Pantheon was built in 27BC - 25 B.C. On the building, there is an inscription which is "M·AGRIPPA·L·F·COS·TERTIUM·FECIT," which means "Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, consul for the third time, built this." It was destroyed in 80 A.D. and then was competely rebuilt by emperor Hadrian. The later got fixed up by emperors Lucius Septimius Severus and Caracalla. The Pantheon is the best preserved of the Roman buildings.

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