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Page history last edited by PBworks 16 years, 2 months ago



Armour is to cover and protect a body against weapons. Armour has been made out of many different things like leather, wood then it switched to metal. There is a lot to learn about armour from the times of feudal Europe. So I hope you learn a lot from this information. Medieval soldiers first wore armour in the 12th century; some of the armour was engraved with a sharp tool that was made by a black smith close by in the village. In the 16th century, designs were often engraved with a certain type of acid. Gold plating or gilding was sometimes used to make it more pretty borders or bands of decoration, and in some cases entire armour. In the 15th century knights protected themselves with full bodies of steel, they also made armour for certain lords and kings in the middle ages. Armour was smooth so that the sharp tips on the opposite teams spears or swords would deflect of them.

There was also armour called mail, it was not as good as the plate armour but it was still better than normal cloths. It was made from a lot of little brss rings (sometimes they are steel like the swords, and shields).


How Armour Was Used


Armour was used to protect a knight from being hurt in battle. There were many different pieces of armour to protect different areas of the body. Also even though armor was heavy looking it was really easy to move in. Some knights even covered their horses with armour. A knight had his armour on in battles and in jousting battles. Some of the pieces of the armour were body plates, back plates, shin pads, helmets, armored boots, armored gloves, chain mail, thigh pads, and shields. The weight of the armour was 44 to 55 kg. Knights often had so much armor that they got their squire to keep it clean and in good condition.

In the jousting battles they broke their armour a lot or even died. The horses died too or got hurt. Some of the armour was very thick to protect the person but some was very thin and did not protect very well.


How Armour was made


At first Armour was made from little rings, and that was called chain mail. A suit made from chain mail could be more than 200 thousand rings. Later they found that Chain Mail suits were very heavy, uncomfortable and hard to move in. After they stopped making suits of chain mail they started using plate armour, but chain mail was still used. In a suit made of metal plates, plates covered their chest, back, arms and legs. To cover their head they had a iron or metal helmet sort of shaped like a bucket and to cover their face they had metal visors that were hinged. Chain Mail was worn underneath these metal plates. By around 1420, plate armour was used in a suit of armour covering the whole body. They still found that these suits were uncomfortable, heavy and hot. Surprisingly, these suits of armour were very flexible. This was the way that armors stayed.

Blacksmiths made the armour with a big plate of steel then they heat it up until the steel is red hot, and then they use a hammer to pound it in the shape of armour. The blacksmith buildings were normally in the middle of the castle. Some of the blacksmiths even made some of the weapons. They also made armour for the horses so when they got to the enemies the horses would not die.

An average suit of armor weighed about 44-55kg. They were made out of metals such as iron and steel(some earlier armour was sometimes made out of wood and leather).


Putting the Armour On


Usually you had a squire to put the armour on for you. He would put your helmet on, your shin pads on, chain mail, body plate, thigh pads, armored gloves, and armored boots. Then you picked up the shield and sword (usually). Also, if you had a horse to get on he would help you if you need it. The squire would put your stuff on you because he wanted to become a knight too. Then he would get a squire to put his armour on for him.

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