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Architecture

Page history last edited by PBworks 14 years, 1 month ago

Ancient Romans and their Architecture

Rome was big on architecture. The Ancient Romans built everything in squares so the city could be more advanced. Ancient Roamns were also big on using columns in their buildings. Some kinds of buildings were Prefectures, which we now call police stations. They had Temples, which we now call banks. They also had markets. Wealthy Romans built brick apartments so they could get cash from them. They decorated the floors with mosaics and the walls with paintings. These people that owned the apartments didn't have much furniture in them, most of which simple in design. The Coloseum, Circus Maximus and the senate were all in the shape of oval or circular so they could fit more people, and so more people could see the games. All of those shapes are used today in our buildings but a lot of the buildings today are more in squares so they can look cleaner. In the coliseum, they have lots of different kinds of games; in some of the games they have to prove their strength of the gladiators in hand to hand combat or the gladiators have to kill a coliseum of animals, and most of the time the animals win that game. One other game the Romans had was they had small ship battles by filling the coliseum with enough water for the bottom of the boats not to touch the ground.

 

Roman Temples

Augustus built the Temple of Jupiter. He built it in gratitude, for his escape from death when a female servant who was carrying a torch then struck by lightning. Jupiter appeared to Augustus in a dream, where Augustus was jealous of Jupiter Tonans, on account he built a temple in Jupiter’s honor. Augustus fixed bells to the shrine of the new temple, and he told a complaining Jove that the god of the small temple was simply his doorkeeper (Jupiter).

 

The Coloseum

The Romans built the Coloseum during the region of the Emperor Vespasiano C. in the year 72 A.D.; his son Titus dedicated it in 80 A.D. The name of the Coloseum came because the oval area was built next to colossal statue of Nero. The original name of the only massive Roman arena was The Amphitheatrum Flavium. More than 160 feet tall the Coloseum had 80 entrances and could hold 50,000 spectators. There were more than 10,000 people killed in the Coloseum. A 15-foot wall separated the spectators from the events in the arena. The floor of the Coloseum was 76x46m and covered in sand. The stands were divided into three sections. The outside of the Coloseum is made of stone, brick and marble some being 620 feet (190m) in diameter. The Coloseum is now 1922 years old.

 

What they Used

The Romans used tile coverd concrete before they discoverd marble. Once they discoverd marble they changed their way of architecture. They stopped using tiled cement they used the marble. The marble was stronger and it was even strong enough to support archs.

 

Ancient roman Aqueducts

Aqueducts were man made structures that were made to carry water through the small town or village. An aqueducts were known as our pipes, ditches, canals, tunnels, and supporting structures, which would make the water travel. The water would also travel from the force of gravity. Romans are fantastic aqueduct builders and are known for that in today’s society.

With out the aqueducts the people would not have water that would travel to them but they would have to travel to it. Ancient Romans were very smart people and invented a lot of our technology that our society uses. A small amount of the aqueducts would travel though the villages with large stone arches for example about only 30 miles out of a total about 260 miles. That is a very low amount of land space that the aqueducts that were in the town for the size of the town. The ancient Romans also had underground conduits, which were mostly made of stone just like the aqueducts. The conduits were also made out of cotta pipe but also of wood, leather, lead and bronze.

Today you may see many of the arches standing in Greece, Italy, France, Spain, North Africa, and Asia Minor. Ancient Romans were very smart people. We would be very far in technology today if the Romans didn’t get invaded. Can you imagine our society and architecture today?

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